Vanshika is a final-year college student and has a very hectic schedule. Her classes begin early in the morning and continue till the evening; other than this, she is involved in various college activities because of her positions of responsibility. Despite her busy routine, she always takes time for self-care and health. She loves running and jogging daily to maintain her physical and mental health.
But lately, she feels a nagging and persistent pain in her ankle after her run sessions. For a few times, she ignored it for a couple of days, thinking it must have been triggered due to a lack of warm-up or running on the right surface. But a week later, she visited her doctor to get herself checked. After running some tests, her doctor told her she had a minor tweak in her ankle. He suggested her take a rest for some time and not put any stress on the ankle. He told her to follow the RICE for a couple of weeks and prescribed her some pain killer, for the pain.
Vanshika has started her treatment and knows a lot about her condition, but it’s high time you learn about it too. Please keep reading to know its possible causes, symptoms, and treatment.
Running is one of a vast population’s most common aerobic workouts. If anyone ever thinks of starting a fitness journey, running or jogging is something that crosses their minds at least once. Running is an activity that needs minimum equipment and can be done anywhere with ease.
Running targets all the body parts and especially works the legs, engaging the hamstrings, shin, calves, and various small ligaments and tendons of the foot and ankle.
But if running is not done correctly, pain awaits for you on the other side of the finishing line. A proper warm-up is one of the essential prerequisite for running; if you overlook this, you may injure yourself minutely or severely. And the injury can affect any body part that is engaged while running.
Our ankle comprises of three bones: tibia, fibula, and talus. This joint with these bones helps us to walk correctly by making possible the extension and flexion movements in the foot. Have you ever experienced an ankle twist while you usually walk with your friends? If yes, then this happened to you because of the wobbly nature of the joint. Our ankle joints are unstable, which is because of their anatomic structure.
Pain is always an indicator of a bigger problem; in this case, identifying the problem and solving it could be the only way to relax the pain. Here are a few common reasons for one to suffer from ankle pain:
1. The improper technique of running
Running techniques differ from surface to surface for everyone. It is important to know the do’s and don’t of running. Running or jogging may not appear as complex, but it involves many complex ligaments and muscles. While running, one must make sure they are wearing the right kind of footwear that protects their feet. Do not push yourself too much. Forcing yourself to a reasonable extent is fine but do not overdo it, else you will end up hurting yourself. Watch your form; make sure you run in the correct posture with the proper shoulder movement and strides.
2. Ankle sprain or strain
A sprained or strained ankle is caused by rolling, twisted, or oddly turning an ankle. This can cause the tight bands of tissue like ligaments that keep your ankle bones together to strain or tear. Depending on its severity, this can cause you to feel pain, tenderness to touch accompanied by swelling or bruising.
Tendonitis in the foot or ankle is a condition of inflammation of a tendon in the foot or ankle. This could be because of the frequent and repeated kind of activity in the joint; your ankle is one of the most likely areas to get tendonitis. One of the major causes could be overuse of the ankle, low arches, wrong footwear, flat foot, or tight muscles.
4. A stress fracture in the ankle
A stress fracture happens when the muscles can no longer absorb shocks from rigorous activities and sports. A stress fracture is development of a small break in the bone. They are produced by repetitive force, commonly caused by overuse, such as jumping repeatedly or sprinting long distances. In this condition, the bones do not displace from their original position.
Osteoarthritis in the ankle develops when the ankle cartilage deteriorates.
Trauma (accidents), autoimmune illnesses (rheumatoid arthritis), and infections can be possible causes. Most ankle osteoarthritis is caused by cartilage degeneration from past traumas and injuries. While one suffers from arthritis, one may notice pain, swelling, and bruising.
Symptoms of ankle pain.
One of the significant symptoms of this condition is Pain and reduced motion in the ankle.
Other than that, we have listed some other signs of ankle pain.
Sharp ache in the ankle’s front, rear, inside, or outside.
A dull, persistent pain
Bruising or tenderness
Swelling or stiffness in the joint
Instability while moving
Pain in movement