Have you ever been in a situation when you had to leave a room because you felt a sudden piercing pain in your head and couldn’t take another second standing in noise and clustered space or steamy air? Headaches can be thought of as pirates that hijack your brain. Headaches are never welcomed, yet it affects a significant chunk of the global population today.
According to the report by WHO, about 50% of adults globally suffer from headache disorders. Half to three-quarters of people aged 18 to 65 years have had a headache in recent years, in which 30% or more are cases of Migraine. Headache on 15 or more days per month affects 1.7-4% of the adult population worldwide.
Specifying the causes of headaches isn’t easy, as they can be triggered by long screen time. Categorising headaches can also cause headaches, as over 150 kinds of headaches. But there are some prevalent kinds of head pain. Tension headaches or stress headaches are dull discomfort, tightness, or pressure around the brow, back of the head, and neck. In Cluster Headache, you may have extreme searing or piercing pain behind or around one of your eyes. It may be throbbing or continuous.
The agony can be so intense that most people suffering from cluster headaches cannot sit still. But one of the most prominent kinds of pain is Migraine pain. A migraine headache is a form of severe pain. It may aggravate nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light and sound. A throbbing pain is usually felt just on one side of the head.
What are the causes of Migraine?
Migraine Pain can be caused by a variety of factors that are unique to each individual. Certain foods or scents, missed meals, changes in weather or barometric pressure, sleeping too much or too little, physical effort, and low blood sugar can all trigger migraines in certain people. Hence pinpointing just one of the causes can be very difficult.
Hormonal changes: this is usually a women-centric trigger. Migraine can happen to women during their menstrual cycle or menopause. The contraceptive pill can also affect you.
Emotional Changes: this is usually triggered by anxiety, stress, tension, shock, or depression. And the distress caused by caffeine withdrawal.
Irregular meals, poor posture, disturbed sleep cycle, low blood sugar, physical fatigue, extended screen time, exposure to bright light, strong smells, and a polluted environment could be some more reasons for Migraine.
What are the symptoms of Migraine?
Other than an intense headache, nausea and weakness are the most common symptoms that you may experience depending on person to person. The symptoms may also differ in migraine with aura and migraine without aura.
“Aura” refers to visual symptoms such as lines, forms, or flashes. You could potentially lose some eyesight for 10 to 30 minutes. You may also experience tingling in your arms and legs. Auras may also impact smell, taste, touch, and voice.
Categorising the symptoms depending on the stages of migraine could be easier to understand. Not everyone experiences all the stages, i.e., prodrome, aura, attack, and post-drome.
Prodrome marks the onset of migraine. Following is the list of symptoms that one may feel.
Speaking and reading are difficult.
difficulty in concentrating
Problems in sleeping
sensitive light and sound
Aura affects roughly 1 in every four migraine patients. It frequently begins before the headache and can continue for up to an hour.
Visual symptoms: You may see some weird figures with hazy patches, sparkles, or lines.
Tingling and numbness
One-sided weakness of the body.
Difficulty in speaking
Migraine attacks can last up to 4 to 72 hours. The frequency and duration for which migraines occur differ from person to person. Migraines might occur seldom or multiple times each month. You may notice the following.
Throbbing or pulsing pain
one-sided pain in the head but can occur on both sides.
Sensitivity to light, sound, and smell increases
Vomiting and nausea
Post-drome is also known as a migraine hangover. It lasts from a few hours to a few days after a migraine.
Fatigue. Lack of concentration.
Inability to comprehend.